Menstrual disorders and PMS in teenagers and Vitamin D
There have been several studies evaluating the association between vitamin and mineral status and menstrual disturbance (1). In this study, the authors aimed to assess the relationship between the menstrual bleeding pattern and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and calcium levels in adolescent girls. There was no significant association between the symptoms of PMS, as assessed by the questionnaire and serum vitamin D status, or serum calcium concentrations, apart from the irritability. There appears to be an association between serum calcium, menstrual blood loss and irritability in adolescent girls. The authors conclude that the level of calcium was associated with the level of menstrual blood loss and irritability. However, no significant association was observed between the menstrual bleeding pattern or the PMS symptoms with a vitamin D status. References (1) Bahrami A, et al. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2018; doi: 10.1080/01443615.2018.1434764.