Skip to main content

NEWS

  • 02 Aug 18
    In this study, the effectiveness of probiotics for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was examined (1). A total of 200 patients with NAFLD were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group (routine treatment group) and combined treatment group A, B and C. Each group had equal patients. The control group received orally polyene phosphatidylcholine capsules; whereas combined group A, B and C were given orally the live "combined Bifidobacterium Lactobacillus and Enterococcus powder" , "two live combined Bacillus subtilis and Enterococcus" , and the both probiotics respectively. The duration of treatment was 1 month. The results showed that in terms of blood lipids and blood glucose, each group improved after treatment with significant differences except for HDL-C.
  • 02 Aug 18
    Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multifactorial disorder of the nervous system in which there is a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons. There is a disturbance in the movement in PD and these include resting tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia or akinesia, disturbance, posture and freezing (motor block). The substantia nigra and other parts of the brain are commonly affected. The disorder could be related to oxidative stress and there is an important role of reactive oxygen species (ROS). A number of herbal products contain active components which are known to possess antioxidant action. In this study, the goal was to define the role of different potential herbal extracts on its pathogenesis which may form the basis of treatment (1). We also discuss in detail the active chemical compounds present each herb which are effective in the treatment of PD.
  • 02 Aug 18
    In this study, herbs for sport are discussed (1). Emergent evidence suggests that the health benefits from plants are attributed to their bioactive compounds such as Polyphenols, Terpenoids, and Alkaloids which have several physiological effects on the human body. At times, manufacturers launch numerous products with banned ingredient inside with inappropriate amounts or fake supplement inducing harmful side effect. Unfortunately up to date, there is no guarantee that herbal supplements are safe for anyone to use and it has not helped to clear the confusion surrounding the herbal use in sport field especially. Hence, the purpose of this review is to provide guidance on the efficacy and side effect of most used plants in sport.
  • 02 Aug 18
    In a former meta-analysis review, acupuncture was considered a potentially effective treatment for dry eye syndrome (DES), but there were heterogeneities among the outcomes. In this study, the authros updated the meta-analysis and conducted subgroup analysis to reduce the heterogeneity and suggest the most effective acupuncture method based on clinical trials (1). The authors searched the appropriate databases. The results showed that nineteen studies with 1126 patients were included. For treatment duration, treatment longer than 1 month was more effective than shorter treatment. With regard to treatment frequency, treatment less than three times a week was more effective than more frequent treatment. In the acupoint analysis, acupuncture treatment including the BL2 and ST1 acupoints was less effective than treatment that did not include them.
  • 02 Aug 18

    Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) is associated with other comorbidities such as impaired glucose homeostasis and cardiovascular disease. Vitamin D insufficiency is highly prevalent and may be a common link between these disorders. In this study, the aim was to assess the relationship between circulating levels of Vitamin D (25(OH)D) and parameters of glucose homeostasis in a cohort of women with PMO to establish a serum concentration threshold of 25(OH)D for improved glycemic parameters (1). This cross-sectional study included 40 women with PMO. The results showed that circulating levels of 25(OH)D were related to glucose parameters in women with PMO, resulting in an indicator of insulin sensitivity independent of age, body mass index, percent body fat, and undercarboxylated osteocalcin.

  • 19 Jun 18
    In this article, the authors review information related to DNA methylation, and its association with cancer and ageing (1). The review outlines the key factors, including diet, which modulate DNA methylation. Ageing and diseases, including cancer, are often accompanied by aberrant DNA methylation, a key epigenetic process, which is crucial to the regulation of gene expression. Significantly, it has been observed that with age and certain disease states, DNA methylation status can become disrupted. For instance, a broad array of cancers are associated with promoter-specific hypermethylation and concomitant gene silencing. This review highlights that hypermethylation, and gene silencing, of the EN1 gene promoter, a crucial homeobox gene, has been detected in various forms of cancer.
  • 19 Jun 18
    In this article, the authors observed the clinical efficacy and safety of topical ozone therapy for patients with herpes zoster by reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) (1).
 A total of 60 patients with herpes zoster were divided into a control group and an ozone treatment group. In the control group, patients took oral valacyclovir tablets or granules (0.3 g per day, three times a day) and they were subjected to local weak laser irradiation treatment plus topical 2% mupirocin ointment twice a day. In the ozone group, the treatment is same as the control group except mupirocin ointment was replaced with topical ozone treatment (hydrotherapy every day plus ozonated oil twice a day). The clinical symptoms, discoid cell and adverse reactions were observed and taken records at day 0, 3, 7 and 14.
  • 19 Jun 18
    Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental health concerns with a major contribution to the global burden of disease. Pharmacology and psychotherapy stand for the conventional treatment for anxiety disorders but these present limited efficacy, especially in the case of chronic anxiety, with high relapse rates and often causing adverse side effects. Clinical research studies render acupuncture as a valid treatment therapy for anxiety disorders without significant adverse effects (1). This article reviewed the literature on the effectiveness of acupuncture and electroacupuncture for the treatment of patients with anxiety. The systematic review of the clinical research was focused on published clinical trials (controlled, randomized and non-randomized) regarding the treatment of anxiety with acupuncture.
  • 19 Jun 18
    Asthma is a prolonged respiratory disease related with hyper-responsiveness and increased inflammation of airways; affects millions peoples worldwide. Vitamin D possess anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities (1). Its deficiency (the level less than 20 ng/mL in the serum) is found to be related to occurrence of pulmonary diseases including bacterial and viral infections and asthma. Some studies indicate that low levels of vitamin D in the serum are related to reduced lung function and increased airway inflammation as well as overall poor results in asthmatic patients. Thus, it provides positive relation between vitamin D and asthma. This article discusses how the results of clinical trials are inconsistent and do not provide supportive information about positive role of vitamin D in asthma.
  • 19 Jun 18
    Soy isoflavones, such as genistein and daidzein, are bioflavonoids found in soy products that are able to interact with various hormones such as estrogen. In this article, a systematic review of published studies was carried out to investigate the characterization of isoflavones and their metabolites, sample pretreatment and quantitative analysis of isoflavones, and the influence of soy isoflavones on drug and xenobiotic metabolism. The results showed that aglycones with weak estrogen-like activities are the biologically active forms of the soy isoflavones in mammals. The most recent advances including extraction, purification and detection of isoflavones in soybean and soy products are discussed.
  • 03 May 18
    It is important to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of water-based training programs in order to prescribe it as an alternative in cardiac rehabilitation for patients who have coronary artery disease (CAD) (1). In these patients, autonomic dysfunction is an important physiological change strongly associated with adverse outcomes, morbidity, and mortality. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of water aerobic exercise training (WAET) on the autonomic modulation of heart rate (HR) and body composition, in the rehabilitation of CAD patients. Twenty-six male subjects with CAD were randomly divided into a training group, submitted to the WAET, and a control group. The WAET consisted of 3 weekly sessions on alternate days, totalling 48 sessions.
  • 03 May 18
    Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder characterised by an uncomfortable urge to move the legs. This article attempted to synthesise results of non-pharmacological/non-surgical treatment compared to no-treatment controls or alternative treatment for RLS on any relevant outcome (1). The search yielded 442 articles. Eleven trials met inclusion criteria. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, exercise, compression devices, counterstrain manipulation, infrared therapy, and standard acupuncture were significantly more effective for RLS severity than control conditions. Vibration pads, cryotherapy, and transcranial direct current stimulation were ineffective in reducing RLS severity. Vibration pads, cryotherapy, yoga, compression devices, and acupuncture significantly improved some sleep-related outcomes.
  • 03 May 18
    There have been several studies evaluating the association between vitamin and mineral status and menstrual disturbance (1). In this study, the authors aimed to assess the relationship between the menstrual bleeding pattern and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and calcium levels in adolescent girls. There was no significant association between the symptoms of PMS, as assessed by the questionnaire and serum vitamin D status, or serum calcium concentrations, apart from the irritability. There appears to be an association between serum calcium, menstrual blood loss and irritability in adolescent girls. The authors conclude that the level of calcium was associated with the level of menstrual blood loss and irritability. However, no significant association was observed between the menstrual bleeding pattern or the PMS symptoms with a vitamin D status. References (1) Bahrami A, et al. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2018; doi: 10.1080/01443615.2018.1434764.
  • 03 May 18
    This article aimed to review all studies examining efficacy, tolerability and the biological mechanisms of action, of nutrient supplementation in first episode psychosis (FEP) (1). A systematic review was conducted. The results included 11 studies. . Six studies examined omega-3 fatty acids, with inconsistent effects on psychiatric symptoms. However, mechanistic studies found significant improvements in hippocampal neuronal health and brain glutathione. Antioxidants "n-acetyl cysteine" and vitamin C also improved oxidative status in FEP, which was associated with reduced psychiatric symptoms. No benefits were found for vitamin E . Finally, one study trialling the amino acid taurine, showed significant improvements in positive symptoms and psychosociall functioning.
  • 03 May 18

    This article discusses Vitamin D and its effects on athletic performance (1). Vitamin D is important for calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism. It also has important direct effects on skeletal muscle. Unlike authentic vitamins, which cannot be synthesized in the body, vitamin D is produced in the skin using sunlight. Through its nuclear receptor located throughout the body, including skeletal muscle, vitamin D initiates genomic and nongenomic pathways regulating multiple actions, including muscle cell proliferation and growth. In some studies, vitamin D supplementation has been shown to increase muscle strength, particularly in people who are vitamin D deficient. Higher serum levels of vitamin D are associated with reduced injury rates and improved sports performance.